Grammar is one of the major components of any language upon which the language is based. However, ideas can be conveyed through words but a proper linkage of those words is taught under grammatical skills.
IELTS is an English test that checks your ability to convey your messages in the English language. It is a high-profile English test that is pursued by enrolling in studies or working in an English-speaking country.
Grammar is not the only criteria that is checked in this test but it is one of the parameters upon which all the four modules of IELTS are tested under the heading of GRA (Grammatical Range & Accuracy). The more correct, the more you will be scored. However, no need to be perfect though.
This article will head toward the 7 key English Grammar rules that you should know to get through this test.
The first and the foremost thing to learn in Grammar is sentence composition. Sentences are the foundation for writing. If you know the words, but do not know how to chain them in sentences, it will be of no use.
Sentence- It is a combination of words. A simple sentence consists of a Subject+ verb+ object.
For example- John eats ice cream. Here John is subject, eating is a verb and ice cream is an object.
However IELTS doesn’t demand complex sentences, but the written ones should be correct.
Tenses tell the time of a verb when did it happen? Three types of tenses are there, that is, past, present, and future. Having a basic knowledge of past and present forms of tenses is a key aspect of scoring high in IELTS and sometimes, even cracking an exam.
Students should have basic knowledge of the simple and continuous present, and simple and perfect past tenses.
A simple form of tenses has no helping verb in it and it shows that an action is there.
For example:- He writes an essay. (Simple present), He wrote an essay. (Simple past)
The continuous form of tenses tells that an action is going on in present.
For example:- He is writing an essay. (Present continuous)
A perfect past says that an action has been done. For example:- Mr. Brown had left India.
Another key rule that should be on tips when appearing for IELTS or even for learning English Grammar is learning modals and helping verbs.
Helping verbs are:- Is, am, are, was, were, will, shall
Modals are:- Can, could, may, might, should
Why modals and verbs are important?
These are important to write and convey your message in a correct way as is, am, are verbs are used in the present tense and was, were verbs are used for past message and will, shall are used for future.
He is doing his work at the present.
He was doing his work in past
He will do his work in the future.
Another major rule of Grammar is comparative degrees of adjectives. Adjectives tell the quality of a noun or a pronoun. These are beautiful, adorable, black, white, gorgeous, fast, lazy, ugly, etc.
These are of three types:- simple, comparative, and superlative which become the three degrees of comparison.
Some other degrees of comparison are:-
Homophones are an important part of the English language. Homophones are basically words that have the same pronunciation but different meanings and spellings. Sometimes, students tend to get confused between some words and as we know, that one word can change the meaning of a whole sentence. So, it is very important to know the correct differentiation between the words and it is one of the major rules you should learn to have better scores in your writing module.
Some of the major homophones are:-
Nouns and pronouns are major parts of speech in the English language. These are basic components of grammar and play a key role in all modules of IELTS.
These are basically the names of any person, place, animal, or thing. For example- John, Mr. Brown, Amsterdam, Canada, Tortoise, Book, pen or anything, etc.
Why nouns are important?
These are the words that are used in place of nouns. For example:- He, She, It, You, Their, Yours, We, etc.
Why pronouns are important?
Major and one of the key aspects of grammar or any language is spelling. However, again you need not be perfect but the spelling errors can cost you many bands. Also, in the reading and listening module, any wrong spellings on the answer sheet will be marked wrong. There are many mistakes which are usually can be seen in students' answer sheets. These are:-
So, grammar is the foundation of any language. Having a hold over Grammar makes you fluent though but if you are learning English as a second language, so no need to be perfect but practice is a must to score higher. More of the mistakes can’t be tolerated.