IELTS Writing Task-1 of Academic writing is basically a Report Writing of minimum 150 words. A student is expected to write a report on a given illustration or chart. A total of 7 charts are there which can be asked for writing a report on. These are:-
In this article, you will get to know how to write a report for a bar chart, line chart, and pie chart.
A bar graph, also known as a bar chart contains a vertical or horizontal bar to present the data for comparing among different categories of variables. These bars are shown on X-axis and Y-axis having numerical values shown by length and height of rectangular shapes or equal width.
A line graph is basically an illustration that is used to show how the data changes over time. Similar to the bar graph, data is presented on X-axis and Y-axis. Over X-axis, the time period is measured and over Y-axis, the variable which is being measured is shown.
1. Bar chart consists of bars of different lengths.
Line graph consists of points that are connected in a straight line.
2. Major figures can be known.
Trends can be more clear, even the slightest of them.
3. More variables can be known about, more clearly.
The trend of 2 or 3 variables will be more suitable.
Pie charts are circular charts that are divided into sectors of different percentages. These sectors, together, create a full circle. The more the area of sector, the more the percentage. It is a visual representation of data which is used in presentations of many big business houses and to show data in media. It is not usually used in scientific or technical sectors.
For any report writing or for writing an IELTS Task-1, the identification of an illustration is very important. So the first step is:-
For starting the report, first of all, analyze the picture. As aforementioned, there are seven types of illustrations. So, identify the type. It will lead you towards another step of planning.
Planning takes two to three minutes for a report. Plan what to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Basically, planning is done to recognize the key features of the illustration. Once you identify the key features, you will be halfway through the report. Always remember that writing should be qualitative, not quantitative. So always focus on writing the key features and not the whole of the figures.
Introduction are the opening lines of the task. It should be effective. Introduction of task one is basically the rephrase of the given introduction in the task itself. Start with the name of the illustration, writing about what it shows, ending it with the time or the name of the place.
The line chart
Fast food – junk food
From, to – between, and
The line graph represents the amount and type of intake of junk food by adolescents of Australia between 1975 and 2000.
After writing the introduction, here comes the turn to write the detailed paragraphs. Remember to make one or two paragraphs at the maximum, in task one of IELTS writing. Start writing the paragraphs with the key features and in the first paragraph, important features should be highlighted. However, in the second paragraph, other trends or other features can be written.
After the body paragraphs, the conclusion should be written. It should be concise and brief. Remember not to write figures in the conclusion.
Lastly, re-reading is very important. You should proofread your task once you have written it. It will help you to remove any spelling or grammatical mistakes.