SEED Technique-How to implement it in IELTS Essay Writing Task 2?

Writing is one of the important modules of the IELTS Exam. Writing test needs the best of your knowledge of the language. Where task 1 is associated with writing a report, on the other side, task 2 is about writing an essay by expressing and explaining your ideas in a logical manner. A very important and helpful technique for the expansion of your essay in an effective way is going to be discussed in this article.

English language in essay writing does not only demand the skill of grammar but also demands that how logically you present your ideas for a given topic. A summary of your opinion of around 250 words is required to write an essay.

Pattern of Writing an Essay

An essay is to be generated in paragraphs. The first and last paragraphs are about the introductory part and conclusion. The middle part of the essay is its body. It can be divided into two or three paragraphs.


In writing task 2, the introduction should be brief and simple. It must include two things. The rephrasing of the given topic by writing synonyms Or by changing the sentence structure. However, it can also include one thing which is writing the background statement for the topic to give it a good start. It is not compulsory to write an opening line but it can be effective.


Giving a central idea to the topic is the conclusion. It should also be brief and be in fewer words than the introduction. The conclusion is basically the crux of the writing.

  • It must not include any point which is written in above of your essay.
  • Words should not be repeated.

Body paragraphs

The essay’s body is comprised of all the ideas and explanations of your opinion. The introduction should be clear about your opinion but hows and whys are to be explained in the body of the essay. In this part of an essay, a very important technique can be applied that is, the SEED technique.

SEED technique

It is one of the important techniques to be kept in mind while answering the question. This technique is particularly related to the ideas. SEED is an acronym for

S- Simple idea

E- Easy to think of

E- Easy to understand

D- Directed to the topic only

How to Use SEED Technique in IELTS Essay Writing Task?

1. Simple idea

An idea generation is one of the key aspect of writing an essay. If you don’t know what to write, you will never be able to explain the topic. So SEED technique suggests that idea should be simple. IELTS writing does not demand writing complex and sophisticated ideas but an idea that is written in a good language simply.

  • A simple idea will have a more logical explanation and it will make your idea stronger.
  • A simple idea gets friendly with the reader soon.

2. Easy to think of

SEED technique suggests that a simple idea can be so simple that easily comes in mind as and when we read the topic sentence.

So many students I hear saying that, this idea is so simple and everyone will write this. How do we get distinguished in this? The answer is simple, it doesn’t matter that your idea is casual but what matters is that how you present it and how logically you explain it. Here, vocabulary also plays a vital role in this.

So it is always suggested that rather than practicing for complex ideas and wasting your planning time in thinking of a more, plan for effectiveness and quality.

3. Easy to understand

This part of the SEED technique keeps the reader in mind. It suggests that the essay is written for someone other to read. It is not about explaining your ideas but it should also keep in mind that the person who is going to read it, must understand it also. So, the idea should be as much as easy to understand as it is easy to think of. A complex idea is maybe you’re thinking at a particular point in time but the examiner may not get into your mind. So, it is better to write a reader-friendly idea.

4. Directly answer the question

Irrelevant ideas have no place in essay writing. One of the parameters out of the four parameters of judging an essay is the task response. Task response is about the relevancy of the ideas to the question topic. If the ideas or your writing is not matching to the topic, then the best of the vocabulary and skillful grammatical techniques will not work. So, the ideas should be relevant and they should directly answer the question.

SEED Technique Implementation- Sample Question 1

Some people say that Ebooks and modern technology will totally replace traditional newspaper and magazines. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Firstly, it is required that you should understand the topic. It is asking for the extent of your agreement or disagreement. So the body paragraphs can be about total agreement or total disagreement or it can be partial.

Plan for this topic for around 5 minutes

Ideas (Agree) Yes, it will replace.

  • Audio and video facility
  • Can be shared and forwarded
  • Wider reach

Ideas (disagree) No, it will not replace.

  • Ardent People’s habit of reading.
  • Cheap and easily available.
  • Friendly with people who don’t know how to use technology

So these are the points or ideas which directly come into the mind of the student.

  • These ideas are simple.
  • These are logical enough to be understood.
  • These also answer the question.

SEED Technique Implementation- Sample Question 2

In some places, young people find it difficult to communicate with older people.
Why is this?
What are the solutions?

Now, the topic is asking for reasons and solutions. It is one of the topic which is somewhat easier to write. In one body paragraph, mention the reasons of the problem and in other, write its solutions but it should be logical.

Ideas (reasons)

  • Main idea- difference in generation and perspectives

Sub ideas- different outlook

Old and traditional ideology

Restricted thinking

Younger have radical approach

Ideas (solution)

  • One solution- compromise

Younger should think older have more experience

Older should adjust with youngsters and listen to them patiently.

SEED Technique Implementation- Sample Question 3

Computers are becoming an essential part of school lessons. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own.

So in this topic, advantages and disadvantages are asked. Both the body paragraphs should discuss merits and demerits respectively.

Ideas (merits)

  • More knowledge can be gathered.

As more resources and websites are available talking on the same topic.

  • Audio or video facilitations will make the topic more clear.

Ideas (demerit)

  • Children’s thinking power reduces and they just rely on those resources. No innovative ideas.
  • Health effects and no personal touch.

So, above are some of the examples of the ideas which are to be generated using SEED technique. Remember always that quality of the content is needed not quantity. Practice for more of the topics and ideas by keeping in mind this technique.

SEED Technique Implementation- Sample Question 4

Some people think that urban spaces should be used for constructing parks. However, others believe that same space should be used for residential and housing purposes. Discuss both the sides and give your own opinion.

In this type of essay, clear your opinion in introduction itself and then elaborate it in the body paragraphs.

Ideas (Space for parks)

  • Parks can help in maintaining greenery and absorbing carbon dioxide out of the air. (Base point- more population and pollution)
  • Make cities more attractive and beautiful.

Ideas (space for housing)

  • More opportunities in urban areas and due to more migration, more housing is needed.

SEED Technique Implementation- Sample Question 5

(Two questions/parts essay)

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.

  • What factors contribute to job satisfaction?
  • How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

Ideas (factors contributing job satisfaction)

  • A fair salary and perquisites
  • Respect at the position and not being ill treated by superiors.
  • Timely promotions and being appreciated at work.

Ideas (how realistic is it?)

  • It would be realistic but not much. Surveys conducted that if there would be no need of money, 90% people would have left the job.

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